India is a country located in South Asia. It’s the seventh largest country in the world and is surrounded by the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and Bay of Bengal. It shares borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
The latest United Nations’ projections reveal that India has surpassed China as the world’s most populous country, with a population of 1,425,775,850 billion people. These estimates are based on various factors, including census data and birth and death rates, and according to The Gurdian, this is the first time since 1950 that China has not held the top position.
China, officially known as the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is an East Asian country. It has a population of over 1.4 billion as well, making it the world’s second most populous nation. China covers an area of around 9.6 million square kilometers, which is the third largest land area in the world and its vast territory spans the equivalent of five time zones.
China’s population decline can be attributed to the enforcement of laws aimed at controlling the country’s birthrate, including the infamous one-child policy introduced in the 1980s.